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It is important to note, however, that Kristeva created a distinction in the true meaning of abjection: We must abject the maternal, the object which has created us, in order to construct an identity.
We use ritualsspecifically those of defilement, to attempt to maintain clear boundaries between nature and society, the semiotic and the symbolic, paradoxically both excluding and renewing contact with the abject in the ritual act.
Cases[ edit ] Abjection is a major theme of the work The Thief's Journal Journal du Voleur by French author Jean Geneta fictionalised account of his wanderings through Europe in the s, wherein he claims as a criminal outcast to actively seek abjections as an existentialist form of 'sainthood'  The film Alien has been analysed as an example of how in horror and science fiction monstrous representations of the female resonate with the abject archaic figure of the mother.
For example, the male and female lead characters in Andrew McGahan 's book PraiseGordon Buchanan and Cynthia Lamonde, both have diseased bodies, with Cynthia facing skin that breaks out in rashes. From a deconstruction of sexual discourses and gender history Ian McCormick has outlined the recurring links Psychodynamic theories essay pleasurable transgressive desire, deviant categories of behaviour and responses to body fluids in 18th and 19th-century discussions of prostitution, sodomy, and masturbation self-pollution, impurity, uncleanness.
Studies have examined and demonstrated the manner in which people adopt roles, identities and discourses to avoid the consequences of social and organizational abjection. Both the organizational and interpersonal levels produce a series of exclusionary practices that create a "zone of inhabitability" for staff perceived to be in opposition to the organizational norms.
One such method is that of "collective instruction," which refers to a strategy often used Psychodynamic theories essay defer, render abject and hide the inconvenient "dark side" of the organization, keeping it away from view through corporate forces.
Through the controlled release of information and belief or reactionary statements, people are gradually exposed to a firm's persuasive interpretation of an event or circumstance, that could have been considered abject. This spun meaning developed by the firm becomes shared throughout a community.
That event or circumstance comes to be interpreted and viewed in a singular way by many people, creating a unified, accepted meaning. The purpose such strategies serve is to identify and attempt to control the abject, as the abject ideas become ejected from each individual memory.
Organizations such as hospitals must negotiate the divide between the symbolic and the semiotic in a unique manner. They are faced with the reality of death and suffering in a way not typically experienced by hospital administrators and leaders.
Nurses must learn to separate themselves and their emotional states from the circumstances of death, dying and suffering they are surrounded by. Very strict rituals and power structures are used in hospitals, which suggests that the dynamics of abjection have a role to play in understanding not only how anxiety becomes the work of the health team and the organization, but also how it is enacted at the level of hospital policy.
In sociological studies[ edit ] The abject is a concept that is often used to describe bodies and things that one finds repulsive or disgusting, and in order to preserve one's identity they are cast out. Kristeva used this concept to analyze xenophobia and anti-Semitism, and was therefore the first to apply the abject to cultural analysis.
There has also been exploration done into the way people look at others whose bodies may look different from the norm due to illness, injury or birth defect. Researchers such as Frances  emphasize the importance of the interpersonal consequences that result from this looking.
A person with a disability, by being similar to us and also different, is the person by whom the abject exists and people who view this individual react to that abjection by either attempting to ignore and reject it, or by attempting to engage and immerse themselves in it.
In this particular instance, Frances claims, the former manifests through the refusal to make eye contact or acknowledge the presence of the personal with a disability, while the latter manifests through intrusive staring.
In psychotherapy[ edit ] By bringing focus onto concepts such as abjection, psychotherapists may allow for the exploration of links between lived experience and cultural formations in the development of particular psychopathologies.
Bruan Seu  demonstrated the critical importance of bringing together Foucauldian ideas of self-surveillance and positioning in discourse with a psychodynamic theorization in order to grasp the full significance of psychological impactors, such as shame. Parker  noted that individuals suffering from BDD are sensitive to the power, pleasure and pain of being looked at, as their objective sense of self dominates any subjective sense.
The role of the other has become increasingly significant to developmental theories in contemporary psychoanalysis, and is very evident in body image as it is formed through identification, projection and introjection.
Those individuals with BDD consider a part of their body unattractive or unwanted, and this belief is exacerbated by shame and the impression that others notice and negatively perceive the supposed physical flaw, which creates a cycle. Consider also those who experience social anxiety, who experience the subjectification of being abject is a similar yet different way to those with Body Dysmorphic Disorder.
Studying abjection has proven to be suggestive and helpful for considering the dynamics of self and body hatred.How psychodynamic theories affect individual personalities According to psychodynamic theory, individual personalities are affected by unconscious factors. Sigmund Freud, commonly known as the father of psychology, heavily influenced the idea of psychodynamic theory in personality development.
Psychodynamic Theory Part 1: Psychodynamic theory is a view that explains personality in the terms of unconscious and conscious forces, such as beliefs and unconscious desires.
Psychodynamic Theory Essay. The Psychodynamic Theory. Abstract The psychodynamic theory was the study of human personality, first popularized by psychologist Sigmund Freud - Psychodynamic Theory Essay introduction.
This essay will discuss the three different . Sigmund Freud and His Main Theories. Let us free associate for a second.
What comes to mind when you think of counselling or psychology or even psychiatry? Psychodynamic Theories Of Psychodynamic Therapy Essay This is a type of psychotherapy that aims to support a person with a weakened ego by strengthening defense mechanisms and other ego functions.
These therapy sessions might be times per week and of . Psychoanalysis is a set of theories and therapeutic techniques related to the study of the unconscious mind, which together form a method of treatment for mental-health disorders.
The discipline was established in the early s by Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud and stemmed partly from the clinical work of Josef Breuer and others.. Freud first used the term psychoanalysis (in French) in