Mussolini ordered Balbo's replacement, General Rodolfo Grazianito launch an attack into Egypt immediately. Graziani complained to Mussolini that his forces were not properly equipped for such an operation, and that an attack into Egypt could not possibly succeed; nevertheless, Mussolini ordered him to proceed.
Visit Website InMussolini became the editor for another socialist newspaper, but soon spent six months in jail for inciting violence. During his incarceration, he began to write his autobiography — while still in his twenties — detailing his troubled school years and his many romantic conquests.
Visit Website Mussolini split from the Socialist Party in Starting his own newspaper, he encouraged violence from his supporters as unrest spread across the country. Pressure from Mussolini and his followers forced the government to order the internment of foreigners they considered enemies.
After the Treaty of Versailles in — and his dissatisfaction with it — Mussolini gathered the various fascist groups into a national organization called Fasci Italiani di Combattimento.
The Italian Fascists courted war veterans and encouraged violence against socialists. Mussolini stockpiled weapons and explosives in his newspaper offices.
Two days later, Mussolini was arrested for allegedly collecting arms to overthrow the government, but was released without charges the next day. Elections brought a huge win for the Fascists, with Mussolini taking a seat as a deputy in Parliament.
The party changed its name to Partito Nazionale Fascista. All party members were considered squad members. Soon after, several Italian cities were seized by Fascist squads, who also burned down Communist and Socialist offices.
In OctoberMussolini threatened to march on Rome to take control of the government through violent force if it was not handed over. The government was slow to act, eventually dispatching troops, though Fascists had already seized control of some local governments.
He dissolved the government and asked Mussolini to form a new one. Soon after, the Italian parliament made suspicion of being anti-Fascist punishable by imprisonment without trial.
The next year police rounded-up Socialists, and the government restricted their publishing activities. A Socialist deputy plotted to assassinate Mussolini, but the betrayal of a friend led to his arrest just before the attempt. Several other assassination attempts followed. InFascists created a youth group called the Opera Nazionale Balilla, pressuring children to join.
The Catholic Boy Scouts were dissolved and the formation of other youth groups became illegal. The same year, all Communist members of Parliament were arrested, and all Socialist members expelled. Anyone who could not be prosecuted for a crime was detained for up to five years and placed in island internment camps.
Cinemas were required to screen government propaganda in the form of newsreels. Fascists owned 66 percent of the newspapers and controlled reporting, issuing daily editorial guidelines and threatening editors with arrest.
The Order of Journalists was created and membership was mandatory. Newspapers were allowed to criticize the government as long as they generally expressed support. InItaly left the League of Nations in solidarity with Germany.
By October, the two countries had officially joined together as the Rome-Berlin Axis. Mussolini wrote an article in that aligned Italians with the German concept of the Aryan race. When anti-Jewish laws began to appear in Italy, Germany felt they were weak, but Mussolini was prepared to increase their severity as needed.
Soon after, Mussolini called for the expulsion of foreign Jews from Italy. Soon Holland and Belgium also fell to Hitler. While making a round of visits, Mussolini was detained and informed that the King had appointed a new prime minister.
Mussolini was arrested and sent to the island of La Maddalena. When Italy accepted the terms of secret peace talks with the Allies, Hitler ordered German forces into Italy, which resulted in two Italian nations, one occupied by Germans.
Allied forces barreled through Italy in June Mussolini attempted to flee to Spain with his lover, Claretta Petacci, but was discovered and arrested by partisans searching troop transport trucks. There are conflicting stories about how Mussolini diedbut autopsy reports state the dictator was shot by soldiers firing several bullets — with four of them near the heart — causing immediate death.
The bodies of both Mussolini and Petacci were hung upside down at the Piazzale Loreto in Milan and displayed for crowds kick and spit on.
One day later, Hitler committed suicide and the following week, Germany surrendered. The government recovered it and interred it in a monastery near Milan. The American diplomat who handed it to her claimed that the Americans had taken the brain in order to study what makes a dictator.
She had the relic placed in his tomb, which receivesvisitors a year.After World War II and a period of international isolation, Franco's regime normalized relations with Western powers during the early years of the Cold War until Franco's death in and the transformation of Spain into a liberal democracy.
Fascism Nazism World War II Nationalism Extremism Political Theory: Fascism: A Political Ideology of the Past All these conditions apply to the political and social situations in post- World War One Germany and Italy. Nationalism, in the form of national resentment, was potent.
Katharine A. "Fascism: A Political Ideology of the Past. Upon entering World War II, Italy declared its intention to seize Tunisia as well as the province of Constantine of Algeria from France.
 To the south, the Fascist regime held an interest in expanding Italy's African colonial possessions. kaja-net.com Notes on PSYCHIATRIC FASCISM by Don Weitz Toronto, Ontario For almost years, psychiatry has been masquerading as a medical science and as a branch of medicine.
From the Archives: Fascism and World War II As the first issues of Foreign Affairs went to press, Europe witnessed the initial stirrings of fascism, with Mussolini in Italy and then Hitler in Germany. National Socialism (German: Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism (/ ˈ n ɑː t s i ɪ z əm, ˈ n æ t-/), is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.