Osteomyelitis set in and he underwent a number of operations in Scotland in an attempt to cure the condition. Later in Winnipeg, however, the osteomyelitis flared up again, and Douglas was sent to hospital.
See Article History Alternative Title: Stephen Arnold Douglas Stephen A. He was reelected senator from Illinois in after a series of eloquent debates with the Republican candidate, Abraham Lincolnwho defeated him in the presidential race two years later. Douglas left New England at the age of 20 to settle in JacksonvilleIll.
In he was elected to the U. House of Representatives; one of its youngest members, Douglas gained early prominence as a dedicated worker and gifted speaker. Douglas embraced a lifelong enthusiasm for national expansion, giving consistent support to the annexation of Texasthe Mexican War —48taking a vigorous stance toward Great Britain in the Oregon boundary disputeand advocating both government land grants to promote transcontinental railroad construction and a free homestead policy for settlers.
Douglas was elected in to the U. As chairman of the Committee on Territories, he was particularly prominent in the bitter debates between North and South on the extension of slavery westward. Douglas himself was not a slaveholder, though his wife was.
He was influential in the passage of the Compromise of which tried to maintain a congressional balance between free and slave statesand the organization of the Utah and New Mexico territories under popular sovereignty was a victory for his doctrine.
Library of Congress, Washington, D. A strong contender for the Democratic presidential nomination in both andhe was too outspoken to be chosen by a party that was still trying to bridge the sectional gap.
The Supreme Court struck indirectly at popular sovereignty in the Dred Scott Decisionwhich held that neither the Congress nor territorial legislatures could prohibit slavery in a territory.
The following year Douglas engaged in a number of widely publicized debates with Lincoln in a close contest for the Senate seat in Illinois, and although Lincoln won the popular vote, Douglas was elected 54 to 46 by the legislature.
As a result, Southern opposition to Douglas intensified, and he was denied reappointment to the committee chairmanship he had previously held in the Senate.
Although Douglas received only 12 electoral votes, he was second to Lincoln in the number of popular votes polled. Douglas then urged the South to acquiesce in the results of the election.
At the outbreak of the Civil War, he denounced secession as criminal and was one of the strongest advocates of maintaining the integrity of the Union at all costs. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:Complete list of active NBA Players including their bio, season and career stats, and recent video highlights.
Stephen A. Douglas, in full Stephen Arnold Douglas, (born April 23, , Brandon, Vt., U.S.—died June 3, , Chicago, Ill.), American politician, leader of the Democratic Party, and orator who espoused the cause of popular sovereignty in relation to the issue of slavery in the territories before the American Civil War (–65).
He was reelected . The Brandon Museum opened in in the historic Stephen A Douglas Birthplace. It is located on Route 7, next to the Baptist Church at the corner of Routes 7 and 73 West. The street address is 4 Grove St.
stephen a. douglas united states senator.
biography Born in Brandon, Vt., on Apr. 23, , Douglas settled in Illinois, where he was admitted to the bar. Stephen Douglas Stephen Arnold Douglas was born in Brandon, Vermont, in He became attorney-general of Illinois in , member of the legislature in , secretary of state in , and judge of the supreme court in and member of the House of Representatives in Never miss a show Track your favorite bands and get show alerts for your area.
Share with friends Share your show calendar with like-minded music fans.