Lorenzo de' Medici The Italian merchant prince Lorenzo de' Medicicalled "il Magnifico," ruled both the Florentine state and a vast commercial empire. As a poet and a patron of poets, he stimulated the revival and splendor of Italian literature. At a time when the major city-states of Italy were engaged in a fierce political and economic rivalry with one another, Lorenzo de' Medici managed to preserve the independence and territorial integrity of Florence.
Given his age, he was reluctant to assume the various political and economic responsibilities, but in fact it was impossible for him not to do so. As he himself noted, it did not bode well for someone of wealth to evade his civic obligations.
The same techniques that the Medicis had used to gain influence at the expense of others could equally be used against them; if they wished to maintain their position, they had to participate in the political arena.
At that time, modifications were made in the Florentine constitution which assured the continued primacy of the Medici party, both for Lorenzo and for those other oligarchs who had attached their ambitions to the Medici banner.
Nevertheless, Florence remained officially a republic and Lorenzo ostensibly a private citizen. Lorenzo was not particularly interested in banking. Over time, the Medicis became relatively less powerful in banking matters as other cities and nations of Europe rose to positions of power.
Lorenzo could argue that his position, unofficial as it was, benefited all Florentines and that he deserved to be recompensed. Other Italian city-states and European nations were accustomed to dealing with the head of the Medici family directly instead of through the official Florentine government.
He remained merely a citizen, although the most important citizen. While Lorenzo was the unquestioned leader of a banking and merchant oligarchy, he did not always enjoy absolute freedom to commit his city to a particular course of action, freedom such as the hereditary Dukes of Milan or the popes in Rome exercised.
The Medicis had a close relationship with the Kings of France: Louis XI had granted Piero the right to incorporate the three lilies of the French royal house of Valois onto the Medici arms. The peninsula was divided by various ministates and their rivalries.
To the south lay the Papal States and the Kingdom of Naples, The entire section is 1, words. Unlock This Study Guide Now Start your hour free trial to unlock this 8-page Lorenzo de' Medici study guide and get instant access to the following: Biography You'll also get access to more than 30, additional guides andHomework Help questions answered by our experts.Diane de Poitiers is one of the foremost ladies of the French Renaissance.
As the mistress of King Henri II, twenty year her junior, she wielded immense political influence. Magnifico is a vividly colorful portrait of Lorenzo de' Medici, the uncrowned ruler of Florence during its golden age.
A true "Renaissance man," Lorenzo dazzled contemporaries with his prodigious talents and magnetic personality. Known to history as Il Magnifico (the Magnificent), Lorenzo was not only the foremost patron of his day but .
Lorenzo de' Medici Biographical information Born 1 January Florence, Republic of Florence Died 9 April (aged 43) Careggi, Republic of Florence Database entries Lorenzo de' Medici Political information Affiliations House of Medici House of Auditore AssassinsItalian Brotherhood.
Cosimo de' Medici: Cosimo de’ Medici, founder of one of the main lines of the Medici family that ruled Florence from to The son of Giovanni di Bicci (–), Cosimo was initiated into affairs of high finance in the corridors of the Council of Constance, where he represented the Medici bank.
He went on. Lorenzo de' Medici (Italian pronunciation: [loˈrɛntso de ˈmɛːditʃi], 1 January – 8 April ) was an Italian statesman, de facto ruler of the Florentine Republic and the most powerful and enthusiastic patron of Renaissance culture in Italy. Lorenzo was born in Florence on 12 September , a son of Piero di Lorenzo de' Medici and Alfonsina Orsini.
His paternal grandparents were Lorenzo the Magnificent and Clarice Orsini. His maternal grandparents were Roberto Orsini, Count of Tagliacozzo, and Catherine San Severino.