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Publication history[ edit ] On the Basis of Morality was written for an essay contest of a Danish academy. The judge of the prize competition, however, was an author of a Hegelian theory of morals.
An example of the existent specification of gravity is furnished by the following phenomenon: Here the one part is so affected that without changing its volume it becomes heavier; the matter, without increase in its mass, has thus become specifically heavier.
Schopenhauer believed that Hegel could only have gained acceptance as a serious thinker because people do not judge with their own intellect, but accept the authority of others, especially of academies.
Structure[ edit ] On the Basis of Morality is divided into four sections. The first section is an introduction in which Schopenhauer provides his account of the question posed by the Royal Danish Society and his interpretation of the history of western ethics. In the second section, Schopenhauer embarks on a criticism of Kant's foundation of ethics.
The third section of the work is Schopenhauer's positive construction of his own ethical theory. The final section of the work provides a brief description of the metaphysical foundations of ethics. Morality's foundation[ edit ] Religions have promised a reward after death if a person behaved well.
Governmental laws are motives for good behavior because they promise earthly rewards and punishments.
Kant 's Categorical imperative claimed that a person's own behavior should be in accordance with a universal law. All of these, however, are ultimately founded on selfish egoism.
Only insofar as an action has sprung from compassion does it have moral value; and every action resulting from any other motives has none. Even though the sufferer is experienced as an external being, "I nevertheless feel it with him, feel it as my own, and not within me, but in another person… But this presupposes that to a certain extent I have identified myself with the other man, and in consequence the barrier between the ego and the non—ego is for the moment abolished….
By drawing the distinction between egoism and unselfishness, Kant correctly described the criterion of morality. Schopenhauer, we know, did that, and it is scarcely likely that in this direction there will be anything essential as yet to add to what he said.to enter the Lions International Essay Contest, participants agree to allow Lions through November 15, One grand prize winner will receive an award and US$5, LIONS INTERNATIONAL ESSAY CONTEST RULES Please type or print clearly.
All information and signatures are required. February A few days ago I finally figured out something I've wondered about for 25 years: the relationship between wisdom and intelligence. Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years.
We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. National Geographic stories take you on a journey that’s always enlightening, often surprising, and unfailingly fascinating. Publication history. On the Basis of Morality was written for an essay contest of a Danish academy.
Unlike Schopenhauer’s other essay on ethics, On the Freedom of the Will, which had been crowned by a Norwegian academy, this essay was not awarded a prize despite being the only response which the academy had kaja-net.com the essay, Schopenhauer had made a disparaging remark about Hegel, .
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